Throughout the world, people have made themselves heavily dependent on oil to keep the wheels of their economy in motion which is a situation that resulted from the developments in the yesteryears. But the world changes fast and today, we have a wide range of alternative sources of energy or fuel, I mean non-conventional sources of energy such as solar power, bio-gas, geothermal power and the kind. These non-conventional sources are being utilized well in some places while in others, they still aren't popular or popular enough.
But I don't see this situation continuing in the next few years. The world would soon become oil independent in the wake of non-conventional power which is by it's very nature cheaper, easily available to all (cannot be controlled by a few hands as is in the case now with oil), more efficient, environment friendly and sustainable. I would further say, the adoption of these non-conventional sources is democratic.
I'm not making predictions or trying to preach by saying so just for the sake of it. It's a logical conclusion. If we look at how the world has moved in the last few decades, this seems the direction it should take.
Of all the ideologies we know, through evolution, democracy remained and prevailed. Today, if we observe carefully, every process that's democratic is widely adopted and stays for good.
->Internet - It's democratic in the way it has opened the doors to information for all, resulting in equal ground for competition, without the interference of power or control from governments of states, which was previously the case.
->Free market: It is democratic in the way that entrepreneurs are free to expand, innovate and improve and thereby, compete with all the players around. This has resulted in better quality of life and most importantly, growth.
->Further, democracy as an ideology entered into many other fields such as banking, formation of co-operatives among the ones I know and some areas where we cannot just imagine it possible.
What I'm trying to indicate through these examples is non-conventional sources of energy will soon become dominant players in the energy market by virtue of their democratic nature.
I'm not an anti-oil activist nor am I saying, lets give up oil because it's noble to give up oil. It's not easy to give up oil given lots of things have been designed to use oil and for other such reasons. However, the use of oil and dependence on oil could be comfortably reduced for obvious advantages with alternative sources.
For further details, you may refer to
->"The Lexus and The Olive Tree" by Thomas Friedman (regarding democratization and democratic culture)
-> www.indiasolar.com (It's not just about solar energy. It covers all non-conventional energy info.)
-> www.gshakti.org (Grameen Shakti, a Grameen sister organisation which supplies non-conventional power to the poor at affordable prices. You would be amazed to see how the poor of Bangladesh are more modern in their lifestyles than most of us.)
-> http://mnes.nic.in/akshayurja/sept-oct-2008-e.pdf (here, you can find the list of manufacturers and suppliers of renewable energy resources)